The purpose of this project is to counter wildlife trafficking in Central America and the Caribbean by strengthening country and regional-level capacity for implementation of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES). This project is intended to address unsustainable exploitation of regional CITES-listed species such as jaguars, parrots and macaws, freshwater and marine turtles, sharks and rays, rosewood and mahogany, recently listed reptiles and amphibians such as Abronia lizards and Agalychnis tree frogs, as well as other not-yet-listed species that are under emerging threat from increasingly organized and globalized networks of wildlife traffickers that have recently begun to scale up operations in Central America and the Caribbean. Specific activities will include: (1) enhance CITES Scientific Authority (SA) capacity and collaboration among target countries to support the development of non-detriment findings (NDFs); (2) improve availability of data on illegal trade in CITES-listed species; and (3) increase knowledge of emerging regional illegal wildlife trade (IWT) threats and rapidly developing markets.