The project aims to address IWT within Niassa National Reserve, the 3rd largest reserve in Africa. Work will be focused within the Chuilexi conservancy, known to hold a quarter of Niassa’s remnant elephant population. Working with three communities, the project aims to reduce instances of lion and elephant poaching and safeguard populations of these species within Chuilexi by involving local women and men in conservancy decision-making and discouraging participation in IWT through economic incentives and participation in direct preventative action.